购买中美机票的正确方法


从某些方面讲,这个话题还是很神奇的。什么都不说,先看疗效:

比方说,如果今天突然决定暑假要回家,但是没有订机票,需要花多少钱呢?如果没有正确的查票,票价上2000是很正常的。现在,经过一个疗程的治疗,大概可以搞成这样:

 

 

或者,比如说回家前先去夏威夷旅游一下,可以搞到如下的票:

 

值得一提的是,这个航班的跨洋航段非常空,一个人可以霸占一排四个椅子(当然这意味着航空公司赔钱很严重)

所以说,好好学习是非常重要的!

好了,看完疗效,我们看看如何找这样的票。

首先,应该介绍一下工具。用什么查票比较好呢?

大 家一般的推荐都是kayak.com, priceline.com一类的OTA网站。这些网站对于一般使用来讲,已经足够方便了;但是,对于不让航空公司多拿一分钱的人,还是太粗糙了。首先我 建议大家使用google推出的flights.google.com (网址会自动重定向到https://www.google.com/flights/, 我只是帮大家节省一些打字时间)。这个工具有如下优势:

非 常直观的图形界面,可以方便的看到目的地附近各机场价格;可以很方便的筛选航空公司,中转地点等项目,操作流畅程度比较高。尤其在选择多家航空公司时,筛 选效果比各个OTA要好。(比如同时选择ANA和United,在google上可以看到同时包含ANA和United的行程,OTA上一般不行。这个在 后面查复杂的票时非常重要)

 

一个方便查看,搜索速度较快的日历功能 (注意,有些低票价看不到,这是google有时不够好的地方,中转时间比较长的票,行程过于复杂的票直接搜索看不到)

功能相当强大的Multi-city itineary搜索功能 (这个是多数的OTA做不到的,对于出复杂行程很重要。)

选择需要的票价后,多数情况下可以直接在网上点连接订票(对于某些网站会失效)(这为什么会是一个优点呢?因为下面要用的工具连订票连接都没有……通过使用google,就可以把查到的票出票了)

在一般的使用情境下,flights.google.com提供的查票工具已经足够给力了,差不多就可以用了。不过,本着一分钱不能让航空公司多挣,少去一地不如多去一地的原则,(这方面,我承认我与一般人的需求不一样)隆重推荐以下工具:

matrix.itasoftware.com

这个网站的界面不太好看,查到的票价不能从该网站订,但是却具有独到的优势。

首先,该网站的日历功能非常给力:差往返票时,可以查询某出发日期一个月内,给定停留天数范围内的票。很多在google里面漏掉的票价就会因此出现,比如上面看到的两个价格在正确选择时间后就能看到。

其次,在筛选航空公司和路线时,可以比Google更为准确。比如说,输入

C: HA 搜索所有以HA(Hawaiian Airlines)为marketing carrier(即:挂HA航班号)的直飞航班

C:HA+ 搜索以HA为marketing carrier的直飞或转机航班。

O:HA+ 搜索以HA为operating carrier (即:由HA运营)的直飞或转机航班。

X: HNL 以HNL (Honolulu)为中转点的行程

X: FRA ZRH,MUC 首先在FRA (Frankfurt)转机,之后在 ZRH (Zurich)或MUC (Munchen) 转机的行程

以 上语法可以同时使用,比如说JFK – PEK :: C: LH,UA LH,OS LH,OS X: MUC,FRA MUC,VIE 表示第一段LH为UA航班号,由JFK到MUC或FRA,第二段到MUC或VIE (Vienna),为LH或OS航班号,第三段到PEK,为LH或OS航班号

 

最大的优势是,使用ita的网站可以比较方便的查到Fare rule,方便暴力的利用行程。比方说,直接查Hawaiian的航班没有什么可取的地方,毕竟比Asiana的要贵。不过,选完票价后,我们可以查看一下这里:

然后我们就会看到以下这一坨东西: (跟网站格式不完全一样,粗体是我自己加的)

Fare rules & restrictions Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. HA GLRPK1Y SFO to BJS

General notes

BASIC SEASON REGULAR EXCURSION FARES G Between AREA 3 and THE UNITED STATES FOR ROUND TRIP FARES FOR ADULT RESERVATION BOOKING DESIGNATOR EXCEPTIONS CHART 1 FARE LOCATIONS/FLIGHTS MKTG RBD NOTE IDENTIFIER CXR ————- ———————– — ———- —— G-RPK1Y TYPE ON HA FLT SEGMENTS BTWN HNL – AREA 3/VV G-RPK1Y TYPE FLT SEGMENTS FROM HNL HA G B PERM – 1ST ARR IN CONTIGUOUS U.S.A./VV. G-RPK1Y TYPE FLT SEGMENTS FROM HNL HA G Q PERM – 1ST ARR IN HAWAII/VV.

Seasonal restrictions

ORIGINATING THE UNITED STATES – PERMITTED 01JAN THROUGH 20JAN OR 15FEB THROUGH 18JUL OR 01SEP THROUGH 30SEP OR 11OCT THROUGH 15DEC ON THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL SECTOR.

Flight restrictions

THE FARE COMPONENT MUST INCLUDE TRAVEL BETWEEN HNL AND BJS ON ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING ANY HA FLIGHT OPERATED BY HA. AND IF THE FARE COMPONENT INCLUDES TRAVEL WITHIN AREA 3 THEN THAT TRAVEL MUST BE ON ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING ANY CA FLIGHT OPERATED BY CA ANY HA FLIGHT OPERATED BY CA. AND IF THE FARE COMPONENT INCLUDES TRAVEL WITHIN AREA 1 THEN THAT TRAVEL MUST BE ON ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING ANY HA FLIGHT OPERATED BY HA. AND IF THE FARE COMPONENT INCLUDES TRAVEL WITHIN HAWAII THEN THAT TRAVEL MUST BE ON ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING ANY HA FLIGHT.

Advanced reservation/ticketing restrictions

RESERVATIONS ARE REQUIRED FOR ALL SECTORS. WAITLIST AND STANDBY NOT PERMITTED. WHEN RESERVATIONS ARE MADE AT LEAST 14 DAYS BEFORE DEPARTURE TICKETING MUST BE COMPLETED WITHIN 7 DAYS AFTER RESERVATIONS ARE MADE. OR – RESERVATIONS ARE REQUIRED FOR ALL SECTORS. WAITLIST AND STANDBY NOT PERMITTED. WHEN RESERVATIONS ARE MADE AT LEAST 13 DAYS BEFORE DEPARTURE TICKETING MUST BE COMPLETED WITHIN 3 DAYS AFTER RESERVATIONS ARE MADE. OR – RESERVATIONS FOR ALL SECTORS AND TICKETING MUST BE COMPLETED AT THE SAME TIME. WAITLIST AND STANDBY NOT PERMITTED.

Maximum stay requirements

TRAVEL FROM LAST INTERNATIONAL SECTOR MUST BE COMPLETED NO LATER THAN 12 MONTHS AFTER DEPARTURE FROM FARE ORIGIN.

Stopover restrictions

ORIGINATING THE UNITED STATES – 4 STOPOVERS PERMITTED ON THE PRICING UNIT LIMITED TO 2 FREE AND 2 AT USD 100.00 EACH. 1 FREE IN HAWAII IN EACH DIRECTION 1 IN HAWAII IN EACH DIRECTION AT USD 100.00 EACH.

Transfer restrictions

ORIGINATING THE UNITED STATES – 4 FREE TRANSFERS PERMITTED ON THE PRICING UNIT 1 FREE IN HAWAII IN EACH DIRECTION 1 FREE IN BJS IN EACH DIRECTION FARE BREAK AND EMBEDDED SURFACE SECTORS PERMITTED ON THE FARE COMPONENT.

Combinability

DOUBLE OPEN JAWS NOT PERMITTED. END-ON-END PERMITTED. SIDE TRIPS NOT PERMITTED APPLICABLE ADD-ON CONSTRUCTION IS ADDRESSED IN MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS – CATEGORY 23. OPEN JAWS/ROUND TRIPS/CIRCLE TRIPS FARES MAY BE COMBINED ON A HALF ROUND TRIP BASIS -TO FORM SINGLE OPEN JAWS -TO FORM. ROUND TRIPS/CIRCLE TRIPS. PROVIDED – COMBINATIONS ARE WITH ANY FARE FOR CARRIER HA/CA IN ANY RULE AND TARIFF.

Surcharges

IF INFANT UNDER 02 WITHOUT A SEAT. THERE IS NO FUEL SURCHARGE PER FARE COMPONENT. ORIGINATING THE UNITED STATES – A FUEL SURCHARGE OF USD 160.00 PER FARE COMPONENT WILL BE ADDED TO THE APPLICABLE FARE.

Travel restrictions

VALID FOR TRAVEL COMMENCING DEPARTURE OF FIRST INTERNATIONAL SECTOR ON/AFTER 16APR 14.

Penalties

ORIGINATING THE UNITED STATES – CHANGES ANY TIME CHARGE USD 300.00. NOTE – -/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/-/- CHANGES ARE ALLOWED AS FOLLOWS – CHANGES ANYTIME – CHARGE USD 300.00. ANY DIFFERENCE IN FARE THAT RESULTS FROM CHANGES REQUESTED BY THE PASSENGER WILL BE COLLECTED AT THE TIME THE REVISED TICKET IS ISSUED. —– STAND-BY ON INTERISLAND FLIGHTS IS NOT ALLOWED ————————————————– A. CHANGES MADE BEFORE DEPARTURE OF JOURNEY — IF NO CHANGE IS MADE TO THE FIRST TICKETED FLIGHT THEN BOTH FARES THAT WERE IN EFFECT AT THE TIME OF ORIGINAL TICKET PURCHASE -AND- FARES CURRENTLY IN EFFECT AT THE TIME THE CHANGE IS MADE WILL BE COMPARED. THE LOWER OF THE TWO FARE OPTIONS WILL BE USED ON THE NEW TICKET. — IF CHANGES INVOLVE A CHANGE TO THE FIRST TICKETED FLIGHT – THE NEW TICKET WILL BE RE-PRICED WITH FARES CURRENTLY IN EFFECT AT THE TIME THE CHANGE IS MADE. — IF THE VALUE OF THE NEW TICKET IS HIGHER THAN THE ORIGINAL TICKET THE DIFFERENCE IN FARE AND THE CHANGE FEE WILL BE COLLECTED. — A LOWER TICKET VALUE IS ONLY ALLOWED PROVIDED THE ORIGINAL TICKET IS CANCELLED AND THE CANCEL PENALTY IS SUBTRACTED FROM THE VALUE OF THE ORIGINAL TICKET. THE REMAINING VALUE MAY THEN BE APPLIED TOWARDS PURCHASE OF THE NEW TICKET WHICH WILL BE PRICED USING FARES CURRENTLY IN EFFECT AT THE TIME THE CHANGE IS MADE. ————————————————– B. CHANGES MADE AFTER DEPARTURE OF JOURNEY — THE NEW TICKET WILL BE RE-PRICED WITH FARES IN EFFECT AT THE TIME OF ORIGINAL TICKET PURCHASE — THE VALUE OF THE NEW TICKET MUST BE EQUAL TO OR HIGHER THAN THE ORIGINAL TICKET VALUE. ONCE TRAVEL HAS STARTED ON A TICKET THE OPTION TO CANCEL AND REFUND THE TICKET – LESS THE CANCEL PENALTY – WITH THE PURPOSE OF USING THE RESIDUAL VALUE TOWARD A NEW LOWER TICKET NO LONGER EXISTS. ————————————————– C. GENERAL PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO ANY CHANGES — ALL CONDITIONS OF THE FARES USED ON THE NEW TICKET MUST BE MET. — IN CASE THIS FARE IS COMBINED WITH OTHER FARES ON THE TICKET BEING CHANGED – THE RULES GOVERNING CHANGE FOR EACH FARE WILL APPLY. THE HIGHEST CHANGE FEE OF ALL CHANGED FARES ON THE TICKET WILL BE COLLECTED ALONG WITH ANY DIFFERENCE IN FARE RESULTING FROM THE CHANGES REQUESTED BY THE PASSENGER. — IF DIFFERENT CHANGE PROVISIONS EXIST FOR THE FARES USED ON THE ORIGINAL TICKET – THE MOST RESTRICTIVE RULES WILL APPLY. CANCELLATIONS BEFORE DEPARTURE CHARGE USD 250.00. NOTE – — FULL VALUE OF A WHOLLY UNUSED TICKET MAY BE APPLIED TOWARDS PURCHASE OF A NEW TICKET PRICED AT FARE LEVELS CURRENTLY IN EFFECT AT THE TIME THE NEW TICKET IS BEING ISSUED. ANY DIFFERENCE IN FARE PLUS THE CHANGE FEE WILL BE COLLECTED AT THE TIME THE NEW TICKET IS ISSUED. THE VALUE OF THE NEW TICKET MUST BE EQUAL TO OR HIGHER THAN THE VALUE OF THE ORIGINAL TICKET. — IF PASSENGER WISHES TO APPLY TICKET VALUE TOWARDS PURCHASE OF A LOWER FARE THE TICKET MUST BE PROCESSED AS A REFUND LESS THE APPLICABLE CANCEL PENALTY. THE REMAINING VALUE MAY BE APPLIED TOWARDS PURCHASE OF A NEW LOWER FARE TICKET. — THE NON-REFUNDABLE CANCELLATION AMOUNT OF THE TICKET BEING EXCHANGED REMAINS NON-REFUNDABLE AND CARRIED FORWARD IN THE ENDORSEMENT BOX OF THE NEW TICKET — IF THESE FARES ARE COMBINED WITH OTHER FARES THAT REQUIRE A PENALTY FOR CANCELLATION – PENALTIES FOR CANCELLATION WILL BE APPLIED BASED ON THE MOST RESTRICTIVE PENALTY PER ROUNDTRIP FARE ON THE TICKET. — DEATH/ILLNESS PROVISION — TICKET MAY BE REFUNDED OR USED TOWARD THE PURCHASE OF ANOTHER TICKET IF DUE TO ILLNESS OF PASSENGER OR TRAVELING COMPANION OR DEATH OF PSGR/IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBER/ TRAVELING COMPANION. A VALID DEATH CERTIFICATE IS REQUIRED. CONTACT HAWAIIAN AIRLINES DIRECTLY FOR DEATH/ILLNESS WAIVER TO BE APPLIED. AFTER DEPARTURE TICKET IS NON-REFUNDABLE IN CASE OF CANCEL/NO-SHOW. NOTE – IN CASE OF NO-SHOW TICKET WILL NO LONGER BE VALID FOR TRAVEL.

Endorsements

THE ORIGINAL AND THE REISSUED TICKET MUST BE ANNOTATED – VALID HA ONLY/FEE TO CHG – AND – FEE TO REF PRIOR TO DEP- IN THE ENDORSEMENT BOX.

Discounts

ACCOMPANIED CHILD 2-11 – CHARGE 75 PERCENT OF THE FARE. TICKET DESIGNATOR – CH AND PERCENT OF DISCOUNT. MUST BE ACCOMPANIED ON ALL FLIGHTS IN SAME COMPARTMENT BY ADULT 18 OR OLDER OR – INFANT UNDER 2 WITH A SEAT – CHARGE 75 PERCENT OF THE FARE. TICKET DESIGNATOR – CH AND PERCENT OF DISCOUNT. MUST BE ACCOMPANIED ON ALL FLIGHTS IN SAME COMPARTMENT BY ADULT 18 OR OLDER OR – INFANT UNDER 2 WITHOUT A SEAT – CHARGE 10 PERCENT OF THE FARE. TICKET DESIGNATOR – IN AND PERCENT OF DISCOUNT. MUST BE ACCOMPANIED ON ALL FLIGHTS IN SAME COMPARTMENT BY ADULT 18 OR OLDER.

Tour Discounts

NOTE – DISCOUNTS APPLY. INFORMATION IS NOT AVAILABLE AT THIS TIME…CONTACT CARRIER FOR DETAILS.

Voluntary changes

IN THE EVENT OF CHANGES TO TICKETED FLIGHTS FOR INFANT WITHOUT A SEAT BEFORE DEPARTURE OF JOURNEY – APPLIES WITHIN TKT VALIDITY CERTAIN DOMESTIC REISSUE PROVISIONS MAY BE OVERRIDDEN BY THOSE OF ANY CARRIERS INTERNATIONAL FARES NO CHARGE OR HIGHEST FEE OF ALL CHANGED FARE COMPONENTS- CATEGORY 19 DISCOUNTS APPLY AND REPRICE USING FARES IN EFFECT TODAY PROVIDED ALL OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS ARE MET- 1. WHEN NO INTL COUPONS REMAIN – ALL NEW TRAVEL MUST BE DOMESTIC 2. ANY CARRIER FARES ARE USED 3. NEW TKT HAS EQUAL OR HIGHER VALUE THAN PREVIOUS TKT 4. ADV RES IS MEASURED FROM REISSUE DATE TO DEPARTURE OF PRICING UNIT WHEN CHANGE RESULTS IN LOWER FARE SUBTRACT RESIDUAL FROM THE PENALTY THEN ADD-COLLECT/REFUND – REFUND VIA ORIGINAL FORM OF PAYMENT ENDORSEMENT BOX- HIGHER NON-REF AMT AND NEW ENDORSEMENTS. OR – BEFORE DEPARTURE OF JOURNEY – APPLIES WITHIN TKT VALIDITY CERTAIN DOMESTIC REISSUE PROVISIONS MAY BE OVERRIDDEN BY THOSE OF ANY CARRIERS INTERNATIONAL FARES CHARGE CNY 1000/USD 250.00 OR HIGHEST FEE OF ALL CHANGED FARE COMPONENTS – CATEGORY 19 DISCOUNTS APPLY AND REPRICE USING FARES IN EFFECT TODAY PROVIDED ALL OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS ARE MET- 1. WHEN NO INTL COUPONS REMAIN – ALL NEW TRAVEL MUST BE DOMESTIC 2. ANY CARRIER FARES ARE USED 3. ADV RES IS MEASURED FROM REISSUE DATE TO DEPARTURE OF PRICING UNIT WHEN CHANGE RESULTS IN LOWER FARE SUBTRACT RESIDUAL FROM THE PENALTY THEN ADD-COLLECT/REFUND – REFUND VIA ORIGINAL FORM OF PAYMENT ENDORSEMENT BOX- HIGHER NON-REF AMT AND NEW ENDORSEMENTS. OR – BEFORE DEPARTURE OF JOURNEY – APPLIES WITHIN TKT VALIDITY CERTAIN DOMESTIC REISSUE PROVISIONS MAY BE OVERRIDDEN BY THOSE OF ANY CARRIERS INTERNATIONAL FARES CHARGE CNY 1000/USD 250.00 OR HIGHEST FEE OF ALL CHANGED FARE COMPONENTS – CATEGORY 19 DISCOUNTS APPLY AND REPRICE USING FARES IN EFFECT TODAY PROVIDED ALL OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS ARE MET- 1. WHEN NO INTL COUPONS REMAIN – ALL NEW TRAVEL MUST BE DOMESTIC 2. ANY CARRIER FARES ARE USED 3. NEW TKT HAS EQUAL OR HIGHER VALUE THAN PREVIOUS TKT 4. ADV RES IS MEASURED FROM REISSUE DATE TO DEPARTURE OF PRICING UNIT WHEN CHANGE RESULTS IN LOWER FARE SUBTRACT RESIDUAL FROM THE PENALTY THEN ADD-COLLECT/REFUND – REFUND VIA ORIGINAL FORM OF PAYMENT ENDORSEMENT BOX- HIGHER NON-REF AMT AND NEW ENDORSEMENTS. OR – FOR INFANT WITHOUT A SEAT ANYTIME WITHIN TKT VALIDITY CERTAIN DOMESTIC REISSUE PROVISIONS MAY BE OVERRIDDEN BY THOSE OF ANY CARRIERS INTERNATIONAL FARES NO CHARGE OR HIGHEST FEE OF ALL CHANGED FARE COMPONENTS- CATEGORY 19 DISCOUNTS APPLY AND REPRICE USING CURRENTLY TKTD FARE PROVIDED ALL OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS ARE MET- 1. NO CHANGE TO 1ST FLIGHT COUPON/FARE BREAKS 2. WHEN NO INTL COUPONS REMAIN – ALL NEW TRAVEL MUST BE DOMESTIC 3. FULLY FLOWN FARE NOT REPRICED TO FURTHER POINT 4. ANY CARRIER FARES ARE USED 5. ALL RULE AND BOOKING CODE PROVISIONS ARE MET EXCEPT DAY-TIME 6. ADV RES IS MEASURED FROM ORIGINAL TKT DATE TO DEPARTURE OF PRICING UNIT OR – REPRICE USING FARES IN EFFECT WHEN TKT WAS ISSUED PROVIDED ALL OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS ARE MET- 1. NO CHANGE TO 1ST FLIGHT COUPON 2. WHEN NO INTL COUPONS REMAIN – ALL NEW TRAVEL MUST BE DOMESTIC 3. FULLY FLOWN FARE NOT REPRICED TO FURTHER POINT 4. ANY CARRIER FARES ARE USED 5. NEW TKT HAS EQUAL OR HIGHER VALUE THAN PREVIOUS TKT 6. ALL RULE AND BOOKING CODE PROVISIONS ARE MET 7. ADV RES IS MEASURED FROM ORIGINAL TKT DATE TO DEPARTURE OF PRICING UNIT WHEN CHANGE RESULTS IN LOWER FARE SUBTRACT RESIDUAL FROM THE PENALTY THEN ADD-COLLECT/REFUND – REFUND VIA ORIGINAL FORM OF PAYMENT ENDORSEMENT BOX- HIGHER NON-REF AMT AND NEW ENDORSEMENTS. OR – AFTER DEPARTURE OF JOURNEY – APPLIES WITHIN TKT VALIDITY CERTAIN DOMESTIC REISSUE PROVISIONS MAY BE OVERRIDDEN BY THOSE OF ANY CARRIERS INTERNATIONAL FARES NO CHARGE OR HIGHEST FEE OF ALL CHANGED FARE COMPONENTS- CATEGORY 19 DISCOUNTS APPLY AND REPRICE USING CURRENTLY TKTD FARE PROVIDED ALL OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS ARE MET- 1. NO CHANGE TO 1ST FLIGHT COUPON/FARE BREAKS 2. WHEN NO INTL COUPONS REMAIN – ALL NEW TRAVEL MUST BE DOMESTIC 3. FULLY FLOWN FARE NOT REPRICED TO FURTHER POINT 4. ANY CARRIER FARES ARE USED 5. ALL RULE AND BOOKING CODE PROVISIONS ARE MET EXCEPT DAY-TIME 6. ADV RES IS MEASURED FROM ORIGINAL TKT DATE TO DEPARTURE OF PRICING UNIT OR – REPRICE USING FARES IN EFFECT WHEN TKT WAS ISSUED PROVIDED ALL OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS ARE MET- 1. NO CHANGE TO 1ST FLIGHT COUPON 2. WHEN NO INTL COUPONS REMAIN – ALL NEW TRAVEL MUST BE DOMESTIC 3. FULLY FLOWN FARE NOT REPRICED TO FURTHER POINT 4. ANY CARRIER FARES ARE USED 5. NEW TKT HAS EQUAL OR HIGHER VALUE THAN PREVIOUS TKT 6. ALL RULE AND BOOKING CODE PROVISIONS ARE MET 7. ADV RES IS MEASURED FROM ORIGINAL TKT DATE TO DEPARTURE OF PRICING UNIT WHEN CHANGE RESULTS IN LOWER FARE IGNORE RESIDUAL THEN ADD-COLLECT ENDORSEMENT BOX- HIGHER NON-REF AMT AND NEW ENDORSEMENTS. OR – ANYTIME WITHIN TKT VALIDITY CERTAIN DOMESTIC REISSUE PROVISIONS MAY BE OVERRIDDEN BY THOSE OF ANY CARRIERS INTERNATIONAL FARES CHARGE CNY 1000/USD 250.00 OR HIGHEST FEE OF ALL CHANGED FARE COMPONENTS – CATEGORY 19 DISCOUNTS APPLY AND REPRICE USING CURRENTLY TKTD FARE PROVIDED ALL OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS ARE MET- 1. NO CHANGE TO 1ST FLIGHT COUPON/FARE BREAKS 2. WHEN NO INTL COUPONS REMAIN – ALL NEW TRAVEL MUST BE DOMESTIC 3. FULLY FLOWN FARE NOT REPRICED TO FURTHER POINT 4. ANY CARRIER FARES ARE USED 5. ALL RULE AND BOOKING CODE PROVISIONS ARE MET EXCEPT DAY-TIME 6. ADV RES IS MEASURED FROM ORIGINAL TKT DATE TO DEPARTURE OF PRICING UNIT OR – REPRICE USING FARES IN EFFECT WHEN TKT WAS ISSUED PROVIDED ALL OF THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS ARE MET- 1. NO CHANGE TO 1ST FLIGHT COUPON 2. WHEN NO INTL COUPONS REMAIN – ALL NEW TRAVEL MUST BE DOMESTIC 3. FULLY FLOWN FARE NOT REPRICED TO FURTHER POINT 4. ANY CARRIER FARES ARE USED 5. NEW TKT HAS EQUAL OR HIGHER VALUE THAN PREVIOUS TKT 6. ALL RULE AND BOOKING CODE PROVISIONS ARE MET 7. ADV RES IS MEASURED FROM ORIGINAL TKT DATE TO DEPARTURE OF PRICING UNIT WHEN CHANGE RESULTS IN LOWER FARE SUBTRACT RESIDUAL FROM THE PENALTY THEN ADD-COLLECT/REFUND – REFUND VIA ORIGINAL FORM OF PAYMENT ENDORSEMENT BOX- HIGHER NON-REF AMT AND NEW ENDORSEMENTS.

Application

BJS RETAIL FARES APPLICATION AREA THESE FARES APPLY BETWEEN HAWAII AND CHINA. CLASS OF SERVICE THESE FARES APPLY FOR BUSINESS/COACH CLASS SERVICE. TYPES OF TRANSPORTATION THIS RULE GOVERNS ONE-WAY AND ROUND-TRIP FARES. FARES GOVERNED BY THIS RULE CAN BE USED TO CREATE ONE-WAY/ROUND-TRIP JOURNEYS. CAPACITY LIMITATIONS THE CARRIER SHALL LIMIT THE NUMBER OF PASSENGERS CARRIED ON ANY ONE FLIGHT AT FARES GOVERNED BY THIS RULE AND SUCH FARES WILL NOT NECESSARILY BE AVAILABLE ON ALL FLIGHTS. THE NUMBER OF SEATS WHICH THE CARRIER SHALL MAKE AVAILABLE ON A GIVEN FLIGHT WILL BE DETERMINED BY THE CARRIERS BEST JUDGMENT

这真的是非常没有用户友好性啊,一般人可能根本就不会去看。不过这里面有非常重要的信息:

首先是票的Fare class,这个在里程积累和升舱时很有用。一般来讲,舱位是Fare basis的第一位,比如说这里是GLRPK1Y,那么跨太平洋航段的舱位是G。国内的转机航段可能有不同舱位。

在General部分,你可以看到这个票价对于哪些路线适用。

之 后,看票价在什么情形下适用(在seasonal restriction和flight restriction部分)。如果满足这个时间范围,航班满足所给要求(比如这里要求必须包含HA HNL-PEK的航班,Area3内的航班要由CA承运,Area1内的航班要由HA承运,IATA的Area划分请看这里)

下面的部分是重点:Transfer restriction 和Stopover restriction。

Transfer是中转地点,对于国际机票一般24小时内算作中转,国内机票则是4小时内,除非是4小时内没有其他航班。这个部分,对于吃一顿饭,在城里随便转一圈还是够的。

Stopover 则是中转经停地点,这个有时是非常好用的。比如此处的票规意味着只要有合适舱位(国际段G舱,国内段不限)的机票,我可以在每个单程在夏威夷的一个中转站 呆任意长的时间(只要在其它部分的时间限制范围内),完全不需另外加钱。(注意:如果stopover需要重新交行李托运超重的费用,但是并不会因后一段 是国内航班失去在这一段的免费行李额,因为这一段行程仍然按国际机票衔接行程计算)一般来讲,stopover rule没有这么慷慨,有时需要100刀才可以加一个。但是性价比仍然很高。

后面的很多部分是不用细看的,主要是讲你如果改票就要罚很多钱一类的,每家公司条款都接近,要点是千万别退票/改票。另外一些部分只和机票代理有关(如Advanced reservation/ticketing restrictions),对你不适用。

 

所以,有了如上信息,再查询一下PEK-HNL的航班时刻,就找到了刚才的行程,分别在HNL停留了3天和7天。这个只是演示用,自己出票时可以随便选时间。

 

上面的例子还算比较正常,下面来看不正常的。比方说,既然从东海岸回国的票那么贵,完全可以顺路去 欧洲了……大家可以发挥想象查一下,反正我默默的查到了寒假1760刀的JFK-FRA-PEK,PEK-VIE (Vienna)-JFK停留航班,在东岸的同学们可以考虑一下回国是不是需要申根签证呢……其实西岸的也不要急,SFO-DFW-LHR- OSL(Oslo, stopover)-LHR-PEK,PEK-LHR-IST(Istanbul, stopover)-LHR-SFO这种绝对会坐疯的线路寒假时1800刀也可出票。相比于平时回国12000英里1300刀来讲,这个26000英里 1800刀性价比还是很高的是吧……

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